Data that makes it seem the U.S. economy headed for a 2010 double dip

I have been talking about "recovery fading" and the economy "rolling over" in the second half of this year. What I have been suggesting is that we will experience a slowing of growth to 1 or 2% in the second half of the year, much as we did in 1985 or 1994 or 1998. It is not necessarily the case that we will see a double dip recession if job growth picks up by the end of the year.

Given the anti-growth austerity measures now coming online in US states and municipalities and in European countries, the chances of a double dip are indeed high. However, I see even odds for a multi-year recovery, which is the norm for any business cycle.

Nevertheless, the Consumer Metrics Institute has data which speaks to an impending double dip as soon as the third quarter of this year.  In fact, CMI data sees GDP contracting at 2% by the third quarter.  That is a huge outlier forecast. Moreover, given my last post on profit margins, it is quite bearish for shares.

I received the following report from Richard Davis.

On May 27th the BEA released its first revision to its 1st Quarter 2010 GDP growth rate measurement, lowering the number from a 3.2% annualized growth rate to 3.0% annualized growth. One day later the Consumer Metrics Institute’s ‘Daily Growth Index’ was signalling what we should expect the BEA’s measurement of the 3rd Quarter 2010 GDP growth rate to be: contracting at about a 2.0% rate.

The prior BEA estimate of 1st Quarter 2010 GDP growth trailed our ‘Daily Growth Index’ by 127 days, and because of the rapid rate that the economy was cooling when the measurements were being made, the newly adjusted estimate is now trailing our ‘Daily Growth Index’ by 125 days. The 3rd Quarter of 2010 ends 125 days after May 28th, when our ‘Daily Growth Index’ was recording a ‘growth’ rate of -1.99%. If the BEA estimates continue to trail our ‘Daily Growth Index’ in a consistent manner we should expect that the 3rd Quarter’s GDP ‘growth’ rate will be in the -2.0% neighborhood.

Several things were interesting about the BEA announcement, which seems to have been largely ignored by the equity markets on a day when the Dow Industrials were up over 280 points. Not only was the total growth rate revised downward by .2%, but the impact of inventory building was adjusted upward from 1.57% to 1.64%, meaning that the end growth rate of consumer demand (net of inventory build-ups) was dropped from about 1.63% to something closer to 1.36% — a 17% reduction that was hardly worthy of a 280 point rally in the markets. Perhaps the U.S. equity markets should obsess less about Greece and Spain and pay more attention to what is happening with consumers in their own domestic economy.

Since we first reported that our ‘trailing quarter’ had slipped into contraction on January 15th, we have charted how the current 2010 version of the consumer contraction event compares with prior similar events in 2006 and 2008. The current event is significantly different; while it is not as severe as the 2008 contraction, it has already lasted longer without forming a clearly defined bottom. We know that if the GDP mirrors consumer activities (as at least 70% of it should, net of inventory adjustments), both the 2nd and 3rd quarters of 2010 should be contracting at a level of between 1% and 2%. If this isn’t a classic ‘W’ shaped ‘double dip’, it is at least the downward glide of a plane with sputtering engines.

From our perspective the ‘economy’ lives where the consumer spends; everything else is merely the consequence of the downstream flow of commerce from the initial consumer ‘demand’. For this reason the official GDP measurements poorly reflect what is happening in the real-time economy, because they merely capture backward-looking factory production levels far downstream, as augmented by governmental redistribution of earlier tax collections and new public debt. Even John Maynard Keynes would have had to admit that governmental stimulus has to ultimately cause increases in aggregate consumer demand for a real recovery to be happening. We simply aren’t seeing that yet.

The indexes themselves can be found at

Thank you,

Richard Davis Consumer Metrics Institute, Inc.

I have not seen any data on consumption which suggests an imminent contraction in consumer spending. So I am sceptical. But the Consumer Metrics Institute did predict the end of recession in March 2009, which suggests their index doesn’t have a bearish skew. I will look to verify the source of this outlier projection in the coming weeks and corroborate it with other data sources. Stay tuned.

  1. Hwad964 says

    Why say that you “received” this report from Mr. Davis? I linked to this same info yesterday in my own blog. It’s there on the Consumer Metrics site for all to see. And, they are somewhat careful about saying that they are only seeing a subset of GDP, albeit in their opinion the most important subset.

    1. Edward Harrison says

      He sent it to me by e-mail. I wasn’t aware of it otherwise.

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