Do the personal income data demonstrate unbalanced reflation?
The Department of Commerce released the Personal Income and Outlays data for June 2009. What the data showed was a very unbalanced month in which personal income and savings dropped but personal consumption expenditures rose. In my view, this is the type of dynamic we should look to avoid as it only increases the disequilibria which led to the unsustainable growth over the last decade.
Seasonally-adjusted personal income for June came to an annualized $11.9 trillion. This is lower than Personal income in August of 2007. In any recovery, personal income must increase for GDP gains to be sustainable over the long-term. People who make less money can only buy more by increasing debt loads or reducing savings or both – clearly a trend which cannot last forever.
Meanwhile, consumption has increased slightly more robustly in the last few months. Nevertheless, we are still at November 2007 levels of consumption. But the savings rate slowed to 4.6% from 6.2%. Both of these savings numbers are far too low. Yet, for the US to emerge from recession, we need less savings, not more.
Apparently, policy makers are looking for a repeat of this unhealthy dynamic. And, with stock prices up 50% and house prices stabilizing, Americans are all too willing to oblige. Welcome back to the asset-based economy.
But, low savings and high debt will only make the next downturn that much worse.